How to make PPPs better: Just saying they are bad does not get you there

I have just been reading an article in public finance international ( It tells us that the European Court of Auditors  suggest that PPPs lead to inefficient and ineffective spending. A report from the UK’s National Audit Office in January this year ( was also critical of this procurement methodology.

From my own experience in procuring and  negotiating PPP contracts, and in helping achieve complicated variations  to these transactions and sorting out some very difficult disputes, much of what is said rings true. As The ECA said ‘projects were poorly prepared by public partners and…contracts with private concessionnaires were signed before relevant issues had been solved.’  And this, coupled with poor or under resourced contract and project management, goes to the heart of the problem.

Many public infrastructure projects are under intense political pressure to get started. There is a shortage of competent project management teams. Scarce resources often lead to the disbandment of project teams once the deal is signed: you cannot sign and forget complicated contracts, skilled and knowledgeable people have to keep on top of them.

Carillion has been a high profile private sector partner in PPP and outsourcing projects in the UK and other countries. Its  recent very high profile collapse  has been used to suggest that these deals are bad. But are they? Carillion’s investors will absorb much of the loss. Maybe some contracts had been signed ‘before all the issues had been resolved’. It would seem that close government oversight of Carillion as major supplier may not have been as close as originally planned.

What all of this comes down to is that if you intend to procure a very complicated and expensive project you should be clear what you want, specify that before you contract and keep a careful eye on the contract. That applies whatever the structure of the deal.


The reports highlight the needs to do things better, not to start all over again.

A small boast

It was gratifying to be recognised as ‘one of the leading lawyers’ in the healthcare sector in the recently published Chambers guide. There is certainly a great deal occurring in the English and in the global sectors as infrastructure and services needs change. These challenge the ingenuity of those charged with structuring finance and corporate models to help make delivery happen. Interesting times.